Angell, A. and K. Kielland. 2009. Establishment and growth of white spruce on a boreal forest floodplain: interactions between microclimate and mammalian herbivory. Forest Ecology and Management 258:2475-2480
Butler, L.G., K. Kielland, T.S. Rupp, and T.A. Hanley. 2007. Interactive controls of herbivory and fluvial dynamics over vegetation patterns along the Tanana River, interior Alaska. J. Biogeography 34:1622-1631.
Kielland, K., J.P. Bryant, and R.W. Ruess. 2006. Mammalian herbivory, ecosystem engineering, and ecological cascades in taiga forests. Pages 211-226, In: F.S. Chapin, III, M.W. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L. Viereck, and D. Verbyla (editors), Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest, Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
Moose are commonly encountered by BNZ research personnel during winter. Despite high rates of predation by wolves and resident hunters, the moose population in the Tanana Flats is amongst the highest (~1 moose/km2) in North America.
Changes in alder and willow abundance (expressed as leaf litter biomass ratio) in the presence and absence of mammalian herbivory on the Tanana River floodplain.