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Ecological Homogenization

Neighborhoods across biophysically different regions have similar patterns of development leading to ecological homogenization of basic neighborhood structure and residential yards more ecologically similar to yards across the nation than to their respective nearby natural areas.

Groffman, P.M., J. Cavender-Bares, N.D. Bettez, J. M. Grove, S. J. Hall, James Heffernan, S. Hobbie, K. L. Larson, J L. Morse, C. Neill, K. Nelson, J. O’Neill-Dunne, L. Ogden, D. E. Pataki, C. Polsky, R. Roy Chowdhury, M. K. Steele, Ecological Homogenization of Urban America, Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 2013. In press.
Cavender-Bares, J., J. Heffernan, E. King, S. Polasky, P. Balvanera, W. C. Clark, and K. N. Lee. 2013. Sustainability and Biodiversity. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Elsevier, Oxford, S. Levin (ed). ISBN: 9780123847195
Cavender-Bares, Jeannine, David D. Ackerly, and Kenneth H. Kozak. Integrating ecology and phylogenetics: the footprint of history in modern-day communities. Ecology 93:S1–S3. 2012
Knapp, S; Dinsmore, L; Fissore, C; Hobbie, Sarah; Jakobsdottir, I; Kattge, J; J, King; Klotz, S; Laughlin, D; McFadden, J; Cavender-Bares, J; Phylogenetic and functional characteristics of household yard floras and their changes along an urbanization gradient. Ecology 2012
Fissore, C.; Hobbie, S.E.; King,J.Y.; McFadden, J.P.; Nelson, K.C.; Baker, L.A.; The residential landscape: fluxes of elements and the role of household decisions.; Urban Ecosystems 15:1-18 2012
Fissore, C., L. A. Baker, S. E. Hobbie, J. Y. King, J. P. McFadden, K. N. Nelson, I. Jakobsdottir. Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus fluxes in household ecosystems in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota, urban region. Ecological Applications 21:619-639 2011
Fissore, C., S. Hobbie, J. King, J. McFadden, D. Nelson, and L. Baker., The residential landscape: fluxes of elements and the role of household decisions. Urban Ecosystems. Doi:10.1007/s11252-011-0189-0 2011b
Cavender-Bares, Jeannine; Kozak, Kenneth H.; Fine Paul V. A.; Kembel, Steven W.; The merging of community ecology and phylogenetic biology. Ecology letters 12:693. 2009
Knops, J. M. H. and K. L. Bradley. Soil carbon and nitrogen accumulation and vertical distribution across a 74-year chronosequence. Soil Science Society of America Journal 73:2096-2104.
Chapman, K. and P. B. Reich. 2007. Land use and habitat gradients determine bird community diversity and abundance in suburban, rural, and reserve landscapes of Minnesota, USA. Biological Conservation 135:527-541.
Cavender-Bares, J., D. D. Ackerly, D. A. Baum, and F. A. Bazzaz. 2004. Phylogenetic overdispersion in Floridian oak communities. American Naturalist 163:823-843.
Jeannine Cavender-Bares
Sarah Hobbie
Figure 1. Residential Images. Ecological Homogenization of Urban America: testing the hypothesis that human impact in and around cities causes homogenization of the biota, altering functional and phylogenetic diversity patterns.
These photos of residential yards in Minneapolis and Phoenix illustrate the phenomenon of homogenization

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