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Lakes In The Landscape

NTL researchers developed the "lake landscape position" concept to explain spatial variability in water chemistry and community composition that results from a shifting balance of groundwater, surface water, and precipitation inputs to adjacent lakes.

Kratz, T. K., K. E. Webster, J. L. Riera, D. B. Lewis, and A. I. Pollard. 2006. Making sense of the landscape: geomorphic legacies and the landscape position of lakes. Pages 49-66 in Magnuson, J. J., T. K. Kratz, and B. J. Benson (eds.) Long-Term Dynamics of Lakes in the Landscape: Long-Term Ecological Research on North Temperate Lakes. Oxford University Press, New York. 400pp.
Riera, J. L., J. J. Magnuson, T. K. Kratz, and K. E. Webster. 2000. A geomorphic template for the analysis of lake districts applied to the Northern Highland Lake District, Wisconsin, USA. Freshwater Biology 43:301-318.
Webster, K. E., T. K. Kratz, C. J. Bowser, J. J. Magnuson, and W. J. Rose. 1996. The influence of landscape position on lake chemical responses to drought in northern Wisconsin, USA. Limnology and Oceanography 41:977-984.
Dr. Tim Kratz
Study lakes of the North Temperate Lakes (NTL) LTER site distributed across the landscape in northern Wisconsin.
Carl Bowser
Increases in fish species richness as a function of landscape position in the Northern Highlands Lake District of Wisconsin, including North Temperate Lakes LTER study lakes. Lakes high in the landscape fed predominantly by precipitation have negative lake position scores and few fish species; lakes low in the landscape fed largely by groundwater as well as surface water have positive lake position values and provide habitat for many species of fish.
Riera et al. (2000)

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