Fenster, M. S. and R. Dolan. 1994. Large-scale reversals in shoreline trends along the U.S. mid-Atlantic coast. Geology 22: 543-546.
Fenster, M. S., and B. P. Hayden. 2007. Ecotone displacement trends on a highly dynamic barrier island: Hog Island, Virginia. Estuaries and Coasts 30(6): 978-988.
Fenster, M. S., R. Dolan, and R. A. Morton. 2001. Coastal storms and shoreline change: signal or noise? Journal of Coastal Research 17(3): 714-720.
Abandoned houses stranded offshore by rapid shoreline change in the VCR LTER site.
Changes in storm frequency (left axis) and intensity (right axis) for the mid-Atlantic coast (including the VCR LTER site) over time. Both frequency and intensity peak around 1967, the average date of a major shoreline trend reversal in the region. Storms play a key role in barrier island movement and shoreline change.
Modified from Fenster and Dolan, 1994.