|Title||Intraspecific aggression in rosyside dace, a drift feeding stream cyprinid.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Rinc,, Grossman, GD|
|Journal||Journal of Fish Biology|
Individual rosyside dace Clinostomus funduloides in a semi-natural, artificial stream displayed substantial differences in their aggressiveness and could be classified as (1) non-aggressive (NA, 18 of 30 rosyside dace), (2) moderately aggressive (MA, 9 of 30) and (3) highly aggressive (HA, 3 of 30). Rosyside dace groups, however, did not exhibit linear dominance hierarchies and fish size was only weakly correlated with the number of aggressive acts performed per individual. Small rosyside dace (<56 mm LF) were always non-aggressive, but larger fish were present in all three-aggression classes. The difference in size between the contestants was significantly, although not very strongly, correlated with the probability of winning an agonistic interaction (r2= 0.39). Aggressive rosyside dace may have ultimately gained higher fitness than less aggressive ones. HA individuals occupied the upstream-most position within foraging groups significantly more often than other rosyside dace. This location should be the most profitable one because its occupant will be the first to encounter prey. HA rosyside dace also occupied significantly higher focal velocities that were closer to energetic optima than MA and NA ones. They also had greater foraging rates and were less solitary than less aggressive fish, but these differences only were significant at the P=0+066 and P=0+081 level, respectively. Finally, HA fish performed significantly more aggressive acts and feedings backwards than other individuals. Despite these differences, the effects of intraspecific aggression in rosyside dace appeared less substantial than those that have been observed in stream salmonids.