Combining Decision Trees with Hierarchical Object-Oriented Image Analysis for Mapping Arid Rangelands

TitleCombining Decision Trees with Hierarchical Object-Oriented Image Analysis for Mapping Arid Rangelands
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsLaliberte, A, Fredrickson, EL, Rango, A
JournalPhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing
Volume73
Pagination197-207
Accession NumberLTER.2007-90402
KeywordsJRN, object-oriented image
Abstract

Decision tree analysis is a statistical approach for developing a rule base used for image classification developed a unique approach using object-based rather than pixel-based image information as input for a classification for mapping arid land vegetation. A QuickBird satellite image was segmented at four different scales, resulting in hierarchical netowrk of image objects representing the image information in different spatial resolutions. This allowed differentiation of individual shrubs at a fine scale and delineation of broader vegetation classes at coarser scales. Input variables included spectral, textural and contextual image information, and the variables chosen by the decision tree included many features not available or as easily determined with pixel based image analysis. Spectral information was selected near the top of the classification trees, while contextual and textural variables were more common closer to the terminal nodes of the classification tree. The combination of multi resolution image segmentation and deceision tree analysis facilitated the selection of input variables and helped in determining the appropriate image analysis scale.

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